Gender Pay Gap

Across the European Union, women’s salary is 18 percent lower that men’s. In Germany, this gap is even wider. The BPW (Business and Professional Women) Germany has started a petition for more equality at work called  "Equal Pay Day".

01. Slovenia
2.3 %
10. Bulgaria
13.0 %
19. Switzerland
17.9 %
02. Poland
4.5 %
11.
Letvia
13.6 %
20.
Hungary
18.0 %
03. Italy
5.8 %
12.
France
14.7 %
21.
Finland
18.2 %
04. Luxemburg
8.7 %
13.
Sweden
15.8 %
22.
UK
20.1 %
05. Belgium
10.2 %
14.
Norway
15.9 %
23.
Slovakia
20.5 %
06. Lithuania
11.9 %
15.
Spain
16.2 %
24.
Czech Republic
21.0 %
07. Romania
12.1 %
16.
Cyprus
16.4 %
25.
Germany
22.2 %

08. Portugal
12.5 %
17.
Denmark
16.4 %
26.
Austria
23.7 %
09. Malta
12.9 %
18.
Netherlands
17.9 %
27.
Estonia
27.3 %

table: gender pay gap in 2011 (from eurostat, European Comission)

The reasons for this unequal pay are manifold. Besides a handed-down distribution of roles which influences the choice of job (e.g. nurse vs. auto mechanic) and employment behaviour (e.g. family-related part-time work and maternity leave), a lack of infrastructure, such as childcare centres, and the current tax and social security laws - which favour marriages with a sole wage earner – have played a major part in this development.

On Equal Pay Day on 21 March 2013, BWP initiated Germany-wide numerous events which pointed out the existing pay gap and demanded action from politician and society. This year’s motto addressed the images of men and women in society, the campaign was entitled “Mannsbilder? – Weibsbilder? – Neue Bilder!” . Demands included a general availability of childcare facilities, a more equal distribution of parental leave and improvements om tax and insurance law.